It's no surprise that the history taught in our schools is a rather dull subject. Virtually all events in history, particularly European history, were motivated by religious causes: Muslims massacred Christians, Catholics slaughtered Protestants, Protestants killed Catholics, and all parties persecuted Jews. In the 1800s schools were run by religious authorities, and children attended the school of their parents' faith.
Boorstin, Daniel. 1983. The Discoverers. New York: Random House.
Draper, John W. 1874. History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science. New York: Appleton.
Irving, Washington. 1829. The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. New York: J.J. Harper. The entire presentation of the confrontation between Columbus and the church authorities at Salamanca was a product of Irving's imagination!
Morrison, Samuel Eliot. 1942. Admiral of the Ocean Sea. Boston: Little Brown, 2 vols. In vol. 1 Morrison describes Irving's version of the meeting at Salamanca as "pure moonshine" (p. 88).
Russell, Jeffrey Burton. 1991. Inventing the Flat Earth. New York: Praeger (Greenwood Publishing).
White, Andrew Dickson. 1896. A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom. 2 vols. Reprint, 1978. Cloucester, MA: Peter Smith.
Eastern mysticism begins with the idea that how you think about reality fundamentally alters that reality. There is at least a grain of truth to the idea. We say something like it when we say, "One man's meat is another man's poison". The eastern philosophy of controlling reality by how we think about it gave rise to the martial arts disciplines such as Karate and Kung Fu. The question this study will seek to answer is: Does how we think about reality change reality, or does it simply change what we are willing or able to do within the same reality?
Critics of the Biblical faith say that a faith which understands the Bible on its own terms is an assault on the thinking mind. Atheists consider the Biblical faith a rejection of human mental abilities. Religious liberals and those who follow non-Christian religions consider Christianity a "blind leap of faith" which must either reject reason and evidence or set up a special and segregated mental reality to accept the Bible. But is it true that in His revelation God expects us to abandon the mental capacities He has given us?
Evolutionists believe that the Earth is billions of years old and that the Genesis Flood was local. The arguments used to claim these unimaginable eras of time are based upon early geological speculations of the history of the Earth and are seldom, if ever, made clear even to students of geology. Seventeenth century observers noted that layers of similar types of rock could be traced continuously from country to country across Europe. These rocks were correctly perceived to consist of sediments deposited from flood waters.
Dr. Hugh Ross, who has a genuine PhD in astronomy, published his book The Finger of God in 1989. In this he attempted to reconcile Scripture with the theory of evolution. He heads up a ministry called Reasons to Believe and, while he has appeared on many Christian TV talk shows, his message is aimed principally at university students. Many of these students are young Christians.
In our increasingly technological world we might become convinced that we are evolving to "supermen." People like Hitler thought so. However, both Scripture and the historical facts show that far from evolving ever upward, mankind is "devolving" downward, both physically and mentally. According to Scripture, God declared that everything He had created was "very good", and we can reasonably assume that Adam and Eve were perfect until their Fall and thus had no genetic defects.
The Genesis account of Creation provides mankind with just the bare facts we need to know about our origin; we wish we knew more! Nevertheless, the account concludes with, "Then God saw everything that He had made and indeed it was very good" (Genesis 1:31). From this we infer that every detail was perfect including the bodies of Adam and Eve. This would mean there were no genetic defects and no mutations when the very first commandment was given "to be fruitful and multiply" (Genesis 1:28).
One of the primary evidences claimed for an old universe – and, by implication, an Earth billions of years old – is that light from the most distant stars can be observed on Earth today. It is argued that at the known speed or velocity of light it will have taken a great deal longer than, say, 6,000 years for it to have traveled from the distant stars to Earth.
The gospel of John gives a brief description of the first miracle performed by Jesus – changing water into wine at the wedding in Cana (John1:1-10). The actual site of Cana is contested, but it is no more than a half day's walk north of Nazareth. The extended family of Joseph and Mary may have included, say, a cousin who lived at Cana or possibly it was a sister of Jesus (Matthew 13:55-56) who was being married to a man of Cana. In any case, the Jewish wedding was essentially a family affair and could have lasted several days.
Following God's very last act of creation – that is, the creation of Eve on the first Friday evening – He blessed both Adam and Eve, then gave them their mandate: "Be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth. I have given you every herb that yields seed ... every tree whose fruit yields seed; to you it shall be for food… Also to every beast, etc... I have given every green herb for food (Genesis 1:28-30).
No, it can't. From the start, Darwin's evolution depended upon vast spans of unprovable time to make his theory work, and Charles Lyell's geology seemed to provide multiple millions of years. As early as 1812, Thomas Chalmers, evangelical professor of theology at Edinburgh, proposed a gap of as many millions of years as geology may demand between Genesis 1:2 and 1:3. He argued that initially there had been a Pre-Adamic age that had been destroyed by a flood and then the strata and fossils found today were the remains of this former world.
Textbooks, popular science articles and museum displays are always careful to include and even emphasize the age in Earth history in which early creatures lived. Just how do scientists know the age? Have they somehow determined the age of the actual fossil or the rock in which it was found? The true answer is neither.
God created Adam and Eve on the first Friday, and they were told to eat "of every tree whose fruit yields seed, to you it shall be for food" (Genesis 1:29-30). So they were vegetarians and ate the fruits from every tree except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:16-17). We can reasonably assume God had not given them permission to eat meat because He gave that permission 1,657 years later to Noah when he disembarked from the ark following the Flood.
The subject of dinosaurs captures the fancy of every school kid. They are told that dinosaurs lived millions of years ago, long before any human walked upon the earth. In this way, many children are introduced to the doctrine of evolution.
Anything that was once alive or that was produced by a living thing can be dated by using the radiocarbon method of dating. This method, which received widespread attention in connection with the Dead Sea Scrolls, relies on the fact that all living things take in carbon, some of which is very slightly radioactive. But just how reliable is this method?
Evidently the Earth was present before there was light. "And the Earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep." When did God create the Earth? And related to this, what was the light of the first day? How was a 24-hour day determined before the fourth day?
Many people take Genesis 1:1, "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth," as an introduction to the story of creation. As a result, it looks to them like God started with some sort of formless Earth at the very beginning of creation, which is not the case at all.
Unfortunately, it has become stylish in some circles to claim belief in inerrancy while holding beliefs which are foreign to the Bible. Those who do this generally argue that the biblical material they choose not to accept "is open to interpretation." Following this principle, nearly everything in Scripture could be questioned while the questioner continued to claim that he holds to inerrancy.
Adam and Eve carried all the traits of all the races in their genetic information just as we today have genetic information from our parents which is not expressed in us. The genetic information is there within us, and it may show itself in the next generation. For this reason, it's hard to tell what Adam and Eve looked like.
In the Gospels the Lord Jesus speaks of knowing the times and the seasons. He compares knowing the times and seasons to the day's weather from the sunset the night before or the morning's sunrise. The Bible itself, therefore, appears to support the adage: "Red at night, sailors delight; red in the morning, sailors take warning." Is there a scientific basis for this saying?
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