The idea that there were civilizations on Earth before Adam began among the Christians of England and Europe in the early 1600s. It was an idea that resulted from the discovery of remote tribes who looked "different." The explanation put forward was that these people were survivors of the Genesis Flood and were once part of a great civilization.
The King James translation speaks of there being "giants in the land" in the pre-Flood and immediate post-Flood world (Genesis 6:4 and Joshua 12:13). Medieval churches often had fossil bones on display, purporting to be part of some ancient giant and, in this way, sustain belief among their congregation.
Ref: Bonderson, Jan. 1997. A Cabinet of Medical Curbside, NY.: Cornell University Press.
Genesis chapter one is a summary of God's creation and begins in verses one and two with the creation of space, then the Earth with the waters. Later that same day [YOM], God created light [OR], saw that it was all good and declared that the evening and the morning were the first day [YOM]. The chapter progresses with the creation of the Earth's atmosphere and seas on the second day [YOM], the grasses and fruit trees on the third day [YOM], then the sun, moon – and, in that greatest of all understatements: "He made the stars also" – on the fourth day [YOM].
Painting: First Day of Creation (from the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle).
For eighteen centuries after the introduction of Christianity, Christians and most non-Christians believed that there had been a great earth-destroying flood in the long distant past. The account of one man and his family having been saved from this flood along with many animals in a large vessel was usually part of this story. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries – when world exploration on behalf of the British government was underway – care was taken to record the verbal history, beliefs and customs of each tribe and nation not yet touched by western civilization.
Dinosaurs and all the other animals – but not the great sea creatures or the birds – were created in the early morning of Friday, the sixth day of Earth's first week [Genesis 1:24-25]. The word "dinosaur" immediately brings to mind a fearsome T. rex or a mega-ton diplodocus, but those first created on the sixth day did not have to be full-sized. The dinosaurs were part of the reptile family, and fossil discoveries have shown that they hatched from eggs and were thus initially about the size of a kitten.
The belief in evolution demands the concomitant beliefs that the Earth is billions of years old and that the Genesis Flood was local. The arguments used to claim these unimaginable eras of time are based upon early geological speculations of the history of the Earth and are seldom, if ever, made clear even to students of geology.
Has mankind evolved upward from the ape or has he fallen from some higher being? In our computer-driven world we might become convinced that we are indeed evolving to "supermen." Idealists such as Nietzsche and Adolf Hitler thought so. However, both Scripture and the historical facts show that far from evolving ever upward, mankind is "devolving" both physically and mentally.
The account of the creation of the universe, the Earth and the first human couple is confined to the first chapter of Genesis. We wish more details had been given, yet diligent reading of the rest of Scripture does reveal answers to many of those questions we may have. This process is known as "progressive revelation."
Genesis chapters 5, 9, 11, 25, 35, 47 and 50 contain the genealogy of the beginnings of the human family. From Adam through Moses, we are told who was related to whom, the age of the father at the birth of their first son and the age of these individuals when they died. In this way, and without using calendar dates, we are told not only who was contemporary with whom but we can learn something about mankind's changing physiology.
The early chapters of Genesis are concerned with the origin of the Earth and all life, including man. The Author's intention is seemingly to present the grand picture first and then add certain details throughout the rest of Scripture; this is called Progressive Revelation. All we are told about Adam's offspring is that the first son was named Cain, the second son named Abel [Genesis 4:1-2 ], then after Abel's murder, another son named Seth was "begotten when Adam was 130 years old." After that, Adam "begot sons and daughters" [Genesis 5:3-4].
The Genesis account of Creation provides mankind with just the bare facts we need to know about our origin. Further facts are revealed progressively throughout Scripture. The Creation account then concludes with, "Then God saw everything that He had made and indeed it was very good" (Genesis 1:31). Since Eve was made from one of Adam's ribs [Genesis 2:21-22], she would have been a clone of Adam and, had there been any genetic mutation in Adam, this would have been reproduced in Eve and expressed in their offspring.
Cain was Adam and Eve's first son [Genesis 4:1] and as he grew it became evident to his father that Cain's interests were more earthly than heavenly. Adam, the priest of the family, gave Cain the task of "tilling the ground" to provide vegetables for the only human beings on earth. In the meantime, a second son, Abel, had been born, and he was given the task of looking after his father's sheep. The sheep – or goats, since they are related – were not used for food.
God created Adam and Eve on the same day; thus, they were the same age. Following their disobedience and Fall, God cursed the serpent, placed a curse on Eve and cursed the ground for Adam's sake [Genesis 3:14-19]. While they were still in the Garden, we are then given the cryptic words: "For Adam and his wife the Lord God made tunics of skin, and clothed them" (Genesis 3:21). "Tunics of skin" tells us that a lamb or a goat was killed and, while unstated, what else could this mean except that God instructed Adam in the matter of the atonement sacrifice?
In 1848 Édouard Roche [1820-1883] at the Paris Observatory wrote a paper that became known as The Roche Limit. It is still valid today and is defined as the distance between a planet's center and its satellite within which the satellite cannot approach [or leave] the planet without breaking up. This is caused by the difference in gravitational attraction that produces tension between the far side and the near side of the smaller satellite body.
Three theories have since been proposed for the origin of the moon:
One of the prime evidences claimed for an old universe and, by implication, an old Earth is that light from the most distant stars can be observed on Earth today. It is argued that at the known speed of the velocity of light, it will have taken a great deal longer than, say, 6,000 years for it to have traveled from the distant stars to Earth. There is an inherent assumption in this seemingly rational argument that flies in the face of real science.
1. Introduction. Since the Creation Satan has had an agenda to replace the Creator God as the object of Man’s worship by himself. We recall that Man was made in the image of God and needs to worship his Creator. Satan’s attack has consisted of destroying God’s revealed truth to Man (the Bible) then so corrupting Man that Satan himself may be deified as God on earth.
1. The discovery of the colored peoples by the Caucasian Christian West in the 16th century caused some to doubt that the Genesis Flood had been universal since the only family on the Ark were surely Caucasion! Later, at the time of the Industrial Revolution and during the search for coal and minerals, it was realized that rocks appeared in layers or stratum, each of different composition from those layers above and below.
A note on calendar dates. The earliest times for which we have archaeological and historical evidences are those of Babylon and its empire. The Babylonians, or an earlier civilization, noted that the Sun took 360 days to complete its cycle; this has always been known as the “solar year” but today we view this as the time taken for the Earth to orbit the Sun. The Babylonians divided this orbit, the circle, into 360 degrees, one for each day.
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