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Copernicus was the proponent of the heelnciotic model, which was a departure from the system that prevailed in Western culture for centuries, placing Earth at the center of the Universe, and is often regarded as the launching point to modern astronomy and the Scientific Revolution. Actually, the Greek thinker, Aristarchus of Samos, developed the first heliocentric theory around 270 BCE, not Copernicus as many believe.During the Roman Catholic Inquisition, Galileo was imprisoned for his heretical beliefs of a heliocentric solar system and forced him, under threat of torture, to recant. In spite of his recantation, Galileo had to spend the rest of his life under house arrest. Science innovation reached a standstill during the Dark Ages at the height of Christian power and influence. The Renaissance and the period of the Enlightenment came as a result from people beginning to reject certain religious beliefs. The Age of Enlightenment (beginning around the 18th c.) represented the time when reason trumped religion as the primary source for thought.
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