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One of the most basic theories of genetics is that of mutation. Mutations occur roughly one in ten million base pair splits (1). The typical length of a human genome is 240 million base pairs (2), and there are trillions of cells in a human body. These cells replicate frequently, with exceptions such as neurons and bone cells. Simple math indicates that every time a cell splits, there could easily be 20 mutations. The mutation of one single base pair can cause large repercussions. For example, sickle-cell disease is a serious change caused by the mutation of only one base pair (3). Most mutations have no effect at all. The ones that do have an effect are harmful 70% of the time, while the rest are neutral or beneficial (4). When a beneficial mutation occurs, the chances of an organism possessing it surviving and reproducing increase, even if only slightly; the opposite is true for harmful mutations (5). Even without a citation, that fact would be clear through any logical thinking; if something improves your ability to survive, you are more likely to survive, and harmful mutations will make survival and reproduction less likely. Claiming that a bird never popped out of a reptile's egg is certainly a valid statement, but is primarily a vicious and anti-intellectual straw-man attack. You ignore (either intentionally or out of ignorance; both are likely) that all evolutionists argue for the graduality of evolution. While you may point to the theory of punctuated equilibrium, a well-supported explanation of why the fossil records shows stability contrasted with (relatively) rapid morphological change, this does not happen in one generation. Your goofy analogies and silly attacks are not valid arguments. Stick to the facts, not emotions. Also, try and use citations.
1.^ Griffiths, William M.; Miller, Jeffrey H.; Suzuki, David T. et al., eds (2000). "Spontaneous mutations". An Introduction to Genetic Analysis (7th ed.). New York: W. H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3520-2.
2.^ Gregory, SG; Barlow, KF; Mclay, KE; Kaul, R; Swarbreck, D; Dunham, A; Scott, CE; Howe, KL et al. (2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.". Nature 441 (7091): 315–21. doi:10.1038/nature04727. PMID 16710414
3.^ "How Does Sickle Cell Cause Disease?". Brigham and Women's Hospital: Information Center for Sickle Cell and Thalassemic Disorders. 11 April 2002. Retrieved 23 July 2007.
4. ^ Sawyer, SA; Parsch, J; Zhang, Z; Hartl, DL (2007). "Prevalence of positive selection among nearly neutral amino acid replacements in Drosophila.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (16): 6504–10. doi:10.1073/pnas.0701572104. PMC 1871816. PMID 17409186.
5.^ Griffiths, William M.; Miller, Jeffrey H.; Suzuki, David T. et al., eds (2000). "Selection". An Introduction to Genetic Analysis (7th ed.). New York: W. H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3520-2.
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