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I am an atheist. Is there a problem with me trusting a scientific theory over a book comprised of many different texts from many different authors from many different time periods? You may call me "blind" or "closed-minded" or "stupid", but how am I supposed to see intelligent design behind such a thing as an esophagus, which is quite an idiotic part because it shares the same pathway as the trachea which is what allows us to choke to death (pretty bad design, if you ask me).
To go off of your ideas of mutations, I beg you to prove to me that all are bad. Seriously. show me a scientific article written by a non-religious scientist that says all mutations are bad. Actually, you don't even need to find one because I already have an example. Ever heard of sickle-cell anemia? It is a genetic disease that causes red blood cells to be the shape of a sickle instead of a disk, making it impossible for the affected cells to carry oxygen (the hemoglobin protein is malformed). Well, sickle-cell anemia was a random genetic mutation that was actually helpful, and here's how: if a person is born with two copies of the gene for sickle-cell anemia (one copy from each parent) they will most likely die because they can't deliver enough oxygen to their body when it needs it (especially during physical activity), but if a person is born with just ONE copy of the gene they are immune to malaria, a deadly disease.
Also, mutations are not the only way that evolution happened (it is still happening). Now, why were these mutations kept? They were kept because they either helped an organism to be more successful in its environment than organisms that lacked the mutation, or because the mutation did not harm the organism. This idea is where the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection comes into play. The theory states that organisms that are more suited to their environment will survive over those that aren't because they will be more likely to pass on their genes (which contain the positive mutation that allowed them to be more successful). THIS is how humans and ALL OTHER ORGANISMS came to be what they are today.
Now, just to avoid getting a reply with the argument of irreducible complexity, let us consider the eye. The eye is an incredibly complex organ but it is nothing special when it comes to evolution. Eyes started off as simple organs that could only detect light (such as the eye spots on planaria, or flatworms), but over time (billions of years, which is proven by scientifically analyzing the percentages of radioactive isotopes in rocks) organisms had mutations that changed the eyes and made the organisms more likely to survive and pass on their genes. These mutations continued and are still ongoing (astigmatism, for instance, would make it more difficult for an organism to see a predator from a distance and thus more likely to be killed and less likely to reproduce). Also, not all organisms have the same eyes. Some have really good eyes (birds of prey and the mantis shrimp) while some have not-so-good eyes (bears and elephants), showing that all intermediates exist and thus helping to prove the point that eyes evolved like every other organ.
Finally, I ask of anyone reading this to actually consider my point and do some searching for yourself. Also, I would be pleased to see some replies to this, but save it if you want to insult me.
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