Dr. Hugh Ross has a genuine PhD in astronomy and issued his book The Finger of God in 1989. In this he attempted to reconcile Scripture with the theory of evolution. His ministry in the U.S. is called Reasons to Believe and, while he has also appeared on many Christian TV and radio talk shows, his message is aimed principally at university students. Many of these would be young Christians.
As early as 1812, Thomas Chalmers [1780-1847], evangelical professor of theology at Edinburgh, proposed a gap of as many millions of years as geology then demanded between Genesis 1:2 and 1:3. He argued that initially there had been a Pre-Adamic age that had been destroyed by a flood and that the strata and fossils found today were the remains of this former world. The Earth was said to have remained "unformed and unfilled" for millions of years before the biblical account continues with the restored Earth.
Following the publication of Darwin's theory in 1859 and its apparent support from Charles Lyell's geological studies, there have always been Christians prepared to go only so far with their faith in Scripture. The point of departure usually begins with Noah and his Ark at the Genesis Flood. To accept that the Genesis Flood was completely global makes Noah and his Ark absolutely necessary. Somehow, to believe that the Earth was created millions of years in the past seems more rational and is perceived to be supported by the findings of science.
In western countries, nearly every imaginative painting of Adam and Eve depict two adult Caucasians with fair skin and blue eyes. These images, even used as Bible illustrations, tend to shape the reader's mental image of the first man and woman. The Sunday-school origin of the dark races is often that they were descendants of Adam and Eve who had migrated to a hot climate where the suntan eventually became an inherited characteristic. These images and explanations discredit Christianity.
It was probably in the morning of the sixth day – that is, Friday of Earth's first week – when God created Adam. God had spent the early part of that day overseeing the creation of the cattle, the beasts and the creeping things from the earth [Genesis 1:24-25]. God then formed man from the dust of the ground and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it [Genesis 2:7,8,15].
Genesis chapter one provides the account of God's creation of the heavens and the earth while, at the end of that chapter, the creation of man and woman is introduced. The second chapter is more specific about the man – now named Adam – while, at the end of that chapter, some details are given about the making of woman, later named Eve. As the reader passes from chapter two to chapter three, we find in the very first verse Eve being tempted by the serpent at the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Michelangelo's fourth panel on the famous Sistine Chapel ceiling is the well-known depiction of God creating Adam. Both figures have one arm raised and forefingers almost touching. The moment is supposedly when God infused His just-created figure of man with the spirit of life. However, this does not follow the account of the creation of Adam as given in Scripture: "And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being" (Genesis 2:7).
The King James translation of the Bible speaks of there being "giants in the earth" in that pre-flood world: "There were giants [NEPHILIM] in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown"(Genesis 6:4).
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